Monthly Archives: April 2015


(reproduced from

Grandmaster Wong Kiew Kit

A newspaper report on distant chi transmission


Can you tell us a bit more about distant chi transmission and how we as a society can utilize these principles in our daily awareness? What benefits are provided for humanity if we utilize its practice in our daily practice?


In 1989 I did the “impossible”. I transmitted chi or vital energy from Sungai Petani to Kuala Lumpur about 500 kilometres away to members of the public selected by a national Chinese language newspaper to prove that distant chi transmission was possible.

Earlier I made an announcement that it was possible to transmit chi over great distances. This statement was made in support of a great chi kung master in China, Sifu Yang Xin. who conducted experiments on distant chi transmission, but many people did not believe it was true.

My statement immediately started a great controversy. Many people, including established masters, attacked me. In response I offered myself for a public experience. A national Chinese newspaper in Malaysia took up the offer.

The newspaper invited the public to volunteer to receive chi from me. A lot of people volunteered, and the newspaper selected a few groups for the experiment over a month. At appointed times, I transmitted chi from my chi kung centre in Sungai Petani to different groups of people in appointed places in Kuala Lumpur with prominent members of the public, including some kungfu and chi kung masters, chosen by the newspaper to act as witnesses in both the transmitting and the receiving centres.

The experiment was a resounding success showing that distant chi transmission is real. All the volunteers, many of whom have not practiced chi kung before and most of whom I have not met, moved in chi flow as a result of my distant chi transmission. On many occasions I could correctly describe how the volunteers moved, and this was immediately confirmed by witnesses in Sungai Petani and Kuala Lumpur over telephone.

In private I transmitted chi over great distance on many occasions to save lives. Someone, usually a student or a family member or close friend of a student, was dying, and it was not in time for me to arrive in person to help him or her with chi kung healing. So I transmitted chi over great distance to help. In all cases the recipients clearly felt that they received my chi. I am happy and proud to say the majority survived, learned chi kung from me later on and lived well. A few, unfortunately, die but they reported a better quality of life after receiving distant chi transmission.

A few occasions were very interesting. On one occasion when I transmitted chi from Barcelona, two of my disciples, Sifu Rama Roberto and Sifu Jeffrey Segal, who are Shaolin Wahnam Chief Instructors of Latin America and of Australia respectively, were with me. Sifu Jeffrey later reported that he saw a huge column of energy white in colour rising from my head like a huge hat. Sifu Rama reported that he felt tremendous heat radiating from my body.

On another occasion my students took me for supper after a chi kung class in Alor Setar in Malaysia at a time when I was supposed to transmit chi. I told my students to carry on with their food and leave me alone. I sat at the same table with them, closed my eyes, entered into a meditative state of mind and transmitted chi.

Later the recipient told me that he smelt a very funny aroma. At first we could not make out what that aroma was. Then suddenly I realized that at the time of chi transmission, a hawker was frying noodles over a huge fire and all of us at the table could smell the aroma. The molecular structure of the surrounding energy, not the energy itself, was transmitted across space to the recipient!

On another occasion I was in Toronto transmitting chi to a recipient in Rotterdam. I was a guest at the house of Sifu Jean Kay, the Shaolin Wahnam Chief Instructor of Canada, and her husband, Dr Kay. Later the father of the recipient telephoned to say that her daughter did not receive chi at the appointed time, but at another time. Sifu Jean told me that her clock had stopped, and when we worked back the time, we found that the recipient received chi the time I sent it.

It is also interesting to point out that the father who was monitoring his daughter reported that each time she received chi, the deadly viruses infecting her dropped tremendously. After a few distant chi transmissions she was free from the viruses.

How does distant chi transmission work?

The Cosmos is a body of chi or energy. In other words, the space between me and a chi recipient, regardless of the distance in between, is not empty but full of chi. In my meditative state of mind, I can send energy impulses along this body of chi to the recipient.

It is not my chi that is being sent from me to the recipient, but the impulses that pass along, in the same way that why you speak to a friend over telephone it is not your voice that it transmitted but the impulses made by your voice. When your friend receives these impulse he interprets it as your voice. When the chi recipient receives my chi transmission, it is the impulses that are transmitted, and he receives them as the chi that I send.

Hence the chi reception is immediate. The recipient receives the impulses which he interprets as my chi the instant I send it. It is faster than sending chi physically to a person in front of me. Indeed I did an experiment with some students who were senior executives of an international corporation.

They arranged with some friends in the United States who received my chi sent by distant chi transmission from Malaysia and simultaneously I sent chi physically to them standing a short distance in front of me. Both parties used very sensitive instruments to measure the reception of chi the moment they felt it. It was proven again and again the recipients in the United States received chi an instance faster than those standing in front of me

Distant chi transmission is a very advanced skills available only to masters. It is also very draining. Therefore a master using distant chi transmission must have a lot of chi in him.

Even if I were to mention the exact instructions for distant chi transmission, most people would be unable to follow them. For the sake of theoretical discussion, even if they could follow the instructions, they would not have the tremendous amount of chi to do so. If they did so, they would drain themselves of chi and become weak or sick.

Hence, while distant chi transmission has great benefit for humanity in saving life when there is insufficient time for face-to-face treatment, it is not cost-effective for ordinary people to learn it for practical benefits, because it demands a lot of time and effort in its training. In the same way, if a person is sick, he sees a doctor. He does not have to study medicine to have the benefit of curing himself.

Nevertheless, we can utilize these principles of distant chi transmission in our daily awareness and for our practical benefits.

One important and useful principle is that many things the public consider ridiculous and impossible can be possible and scientific except that science in its present state of development has not researched into them and utilize their benefits. Actually distant chi transmission would be less ridiculous than television and fax machines to people a few hundred years ago.

Am immediate benefit that affects countless people if specialists condescend and patients are brave enough to accept that what they consider impossible can actually be possible is that many so-called incurable diseases like cancer, cardiovascular disorders and clinical depression can be cured using methods other than what the specialists insist as the only means.

Indeed, the specialists could gain financially besides the joy of seeing their patients recover if they successfully employ this principle into their practice. Personally I have helped many students overcome so-called incurable diseases. Western doctors need not use the same techniques I use, i.e. chi kung healing and chi kung practice. They can use their own methods to implement the same principle of restoring energy flow which will then result in good health.

I would believe that Western technology would be more efficient in implementing the same principle than traditional manual methods. As an analogy to give witnesses a picture of how chi recipient moved after receiving chi transmitted by me over a distance, I had to see their movements in my mediation and then describe the movements to the witnesses. They would confirm the movements over telephone with other witnesses at the scene of chi reception. It would be faster and more effective if Western technology of television networking was used.

One does not have to be sick to benefit from this accepting that the so-called impossible may be possible. I have come across many people, usually not my students, who are in the habit of saying it is impossible, even relating to simple tasks. Usually what they mean is that they do not want to do it.

For example, some people asked me how I could have so much energy, despite my age, to do so many things. I told them to practice chi kung. They said they had no time. I told them to wake up 15 minutes earlier. They said it was impossible. They couldn’t even wake up in time to eat their breakfast. I am now wiser. I do not want to waste my time arguing with such people; I rather spend time helping those who want to help themselves.

Let us take some more serious examples. Some people complained that they did not earn enough to have a comfortable life, or that they were not happy with their wife or husband. I told them to get another job with more income, or make their wife or husband happy. They would answer that it was impossible.

On the other hand, we must also guard against the extreme, claiming that everything is possible. Even if a particular course of action is possible, it may not be feasible or beneficial to do it. For example, even if learning an advanced internal art on one’s own is possible, it is not feasible. It is more cost-effective and beneficial to learn from a competent teacher.

Stealing money or someone’s wife (or husband) may be possible but it is not a right thing to do. Even if he ignores moral values, it is not beneficial – it brings harm to himself, to the woman and the woman’s husband. It is more beneficial to earn money or a wife in an honourable way.

Grandmaster Wong Kiew Kit

Grandmaster Wong explaining the theory of distant chi transmission to the public

The above extract is reproduced from “Your True Nature: Wisdom of Living Masters” by Natalie Deane and Damian Lafont.

You can order this book from here or here.


Wong Wei Foong

The beautiful smile of our Shaolin Wahnam Secretary reflects the joy with which our Shaolin Wahnam Family members look at the world today, and the hope we have for the world in the future


This question is a broad one and may not be responded to if it is considered superfluous. My question is simply what does Master Wong Kiew Kit see for the future of this entire planet and how does he think that his life and life for people in the future will be.

— Yaroslav, Canada


Your questions are interesting and important for the future of humanity. Our training has made me and those in our school very optimistic. Not only we wholesomlely enjoy the present, we forgive the wrongs that others may have done to us in the past and look towards the future with hopes and aspirations. If we feel we have wronged oursellves, we forgive ourselves It is not that we are irresponsible with our past, licencious with our present or uncaring with our future. In fact we hold high moral valuses, as guided by our Ten Shaolin Laws , and cultivate spiritually every time we train, and we train conscienciously every day. The wonderful benefits that we get are not just extrinsic, due to verbal or written teaching. More significantly they are intrinsic, due to our dedicated training that results in a purification of our body, intellect and soul. It is pertinent to mention that these are no empty words. These words accurately describe the benefits our students are getting. Many schools also say that their training purifies the body, intellect and soul. Even some schools teaching the most brutal form of martial art where students seem to take pride in causing hurt to their opponents or sparring partners also say that their training is spiritual. But an intelligent observation of the students’ results will tell whether the claims of the schools are true. If the students become more unhealthy as a result of their training, then it is obviously not true that their training purifies the body. If the students do not even realize that they are not getting the benefits their arts are purported to give despite having trained for a long time, it is obvious their training does not purify their intellect. If the students become more dull and depressed, it is obvious their training does not purify their soul. These conclusions are obvious, yet it is shocking that thousands of students all over the world are getting unhealthier and depressed as a result of their training, and are unaware of it. How do we justify our claim that our training purifies the body, the intellect and the soul. After practicing for some time our students overcome their pain and illness and attain good health. This justifies our claim that our training purifies our body, as a pure body is naturally healthy. When the body is chocked with impurities, like toxic waste, viruses and locked emotions, it fails in its natural functions and become sick or in pain. After practicing for some time our students have much mental clarity. They are clear about the aims and objectives of their training, and how well their training helps them to attain their aims and objectives. If you examine how and what they write in our Shaolin Wahnam Discussion Forum, their mental clarity is quite obvious. This justifies our claim that our training purifies the intellect, as a purified intellect results in mental clarity. The writings of our students in our Discussion Forum also show that they are happy and peaceful with themselves and with other people. In fact, many of our students often expressed how grateful they are for having practiced our arts which make them find life and the world so beautiful. This shows that their practice has purified their soul, for a purified soul will find beauty in life and the world. What has this explanation of purifying the body, intellect and soul to do with your question. It has everything to do with the question. Firstly, it explains how members of our Shaolin Wahnam Family and I look at the world now and in the future. We are grateful for the many good things in our world now. And we are confident that the world in future will be even better. We are living in a golden age. Many people may be surprised at this statement. They think the golden age was a few hundred years ago. No, a few hundred years ago you didn’t even have electricity or tap water, things that we take for granted now but forget how important they are in making life comfortable. A few hundred years ago most people did not have a chance to go to school. Now you can assess amazing information via the internet at the tips of your fingers! More significantly the above explanation will affect how you and many other people see our world in future — whether you will see it as a beautiful home or a doomed place where resources run out. This will become clear as I answer your other questions.

Grandmaster Wong and Sifu Riccardo

Despite over 60, Grandmaster Wong and Dr Riccardo Salvetore examplify good health, mental clarity and spirtual joy as a result of purifying body, intellect and soul


(reproduced from

Shaolin Kungfu

Grandmaster Wong demonstrating Dancing Crane

The Art of Flexible Legs is part of the Art of Flexibility. In kungfu one should not just be stable but must also be flexible. The five exercises shown here will enable you to be flexible. They are not merely stretching exercises, but chi kung.

Foundation of Kungfu – Art of Flexible Legs

Shaolin Kungfu Shaolin Kungfu
Three Levels to Ground Dancing Crane
Shaolin Kungfu Shaolin Kungfu  
Touching Toes Taking off Shoes
Shaolin Kungfu

Dragon Fly Plays with Water

We wish to thank Mr Godfery Kissey of Ogingo Videography, Penampang, Sabah, Malaysia for kindly provideing us with the videos. Godfery is also a member of our Shaolin Wahnam Family. His telephone number is 60-88-731788, and e-mail address is .


Fierce Tiger Speeds Through Valley

Fierce Tiger Speeds Through Valley

Progressing to the Right Leg Mode for Combat

Combat Sequences 1 to 4 which have been posted in previous vebpages constitiute one stage of combat training, and they form the kungfu set “Black Tiger Steals Heart” in the Shaolin Kungfu programme of our school. The main objective of this stage is to develop fundamental combat skills as follows:

  1. right timing
  2. right spacing
  3. flowing movement and force
  4. right judgement
  5. fast decision
  6. instantaneous change
  7. footwork adjustment
  8. safe coverage
  9. flowing attack
  10. pressing attack

The first two skills, right timing and right spacing, are the most fundamental. Without them the other skills, as well as all techniques and force, lose their significance. An exponent, for example, may have some fantastic techniques and tremendous force, but if his attack or defence cannot reach its target on time, all his techniques and force are quite useless.

Combat Application Combat Application
Poise Patterns Fierce Tiger

All the principles you learn in combat training can be, and should be, transferred to our daily work and play to make our life more rewarding. This is a main reason why we devote our time and effort to kungfu training. The principles of right timing and right spacing are of utmost importance in life. You may be the best computer programmer in the world or have the most advanced marketing skills, but if these skills are not used at the right time and at the right place, they are as good as being useless.

Some people, who may actually have many talents or much knowledge, constantly complain that society or Mother Luck never gives them an opportunity to use their talents and knowledge. What they need is to develop the skills of right timing and right spacing like what we do in our combat training, and transfer these fundamental skills to daily life.

Combat Application Combat Application
Single Tiger Golden Dragon

In the previous set of four combat sequences, besides the fundamental skills you also learned the basic techniques for hand attacks and defence. You should practise these four sequences in stages, as follows:

  1. pre-choice
  2. self-choice
  3. end-point continuation
  4. mid-point continuationM
  5. end-point addition

At the pre-choice stage, the initiator begins with a pre-chosen sequence, and the responder responds accordingly to complete the sequence. At the self-choice stage, the initiator may start with any sequence he likes, but the releasing of control must be gradual so that the responder can respond accordingly too and both partners can complete the sequence smoothly.

At the end-point continuation stage, after completing one sequence the initiator (or sometimes the rsponder) starts another sequence without retreating to poise patterns. For example, after completing Combat Sequence 1, instead of returning to poise patterns, the initiator continues by repeating Combat Sequence 1 or starting Combat Sequence 2. You should continue to the next sequence at the start iof the next sequence, but later you may continue at any suitable point of the next sequence. Hence, at this stage an encounter will consist of five or six exchanges instead of three.

Combat Application Combat Application
Fierce Tiger Golden Dragon

At the mid-point continuation stage, either one of the partner may continue with another sequence at the mid-point of the first sequence. For example, you may start with Combat Sequence 2, but at any suitable point during the sequence you or your partner may continue to Combat Sequence 3. You may enter Combat Sequence 3 at its beginning or at any suitable point of Sequence 3. Hence the exchanges are less although this stage is a progression from the previous stage. But later you may have three instead of two sequences in one encounter.

At the end-point addition stage, you or your partner may add a suitable hand-attack pattern and the other person will respond accordingly. The additional attack pattern need not be any of the patterns found in the four sequences, but it must be a hand attack. For example, instead of a level punch of the “Black Tiger”, you may use a palm strike or a phoenix-fist. You are to add only one pattern, and after the respond both will return to poise patterns.

Combat Application Combat Application
Precious Duck Golden Star

Once you have practised these four combat sequences well, you can defend against all hand attacks — although at this level the range of techniques is limited. Hence, you will soon find that neither you nor your sparring partner can beat the other. No matter what hand attack or counter- attack one uses, the other can defend against it effectively. None has an advantage over the other because now both have the same level of skills and techniques.

To overcome this impasse, you have to find at least one advantage over your partner (or opponent in real fighting). This can be achieved by either improving your skills or expanding your techniques. In other words, although you and your partner are at the same level of techniques, if you are faster or more powerful than him, you can still beat him. Alternatively, although you and your partner are at the same level of skills, if you can use techniques which he is unfamiliar with, you will also beat him. A main objective of the next set of four combat sequences, Sequences 5 to 8, is to expand your hand techniques.

Combat Application Combat Application
Green Dragon Poise Patterns

This sequence, “Fierce Tiger Speeds Through Valley”, introduces the right leg mode in attack. So far, from Combat Sequences 1 to 4 with the exception of the “Precious Duck” pattern, the left leg mode is used. The left leg mode and the right leg mode have their own strong points and weaknesses. Some martial artists, often without their own awareness, favour one mode to the other. Later when you are more skilfull and know more techniques, you can manoevre your opponent to his unaccomstomed leg mode, often without him knowing, thus gaining a tactical advantage.

In the previous four combat sequences, continuing from one sequence to another was easy when you were executing Sequences 1 and 2, but you probably experienced some difficulty if you were executing Sequences 3 or 4. This was because of your leg mode. After completing Sequences 3 and 4, your right leg was in front, and you might not know how to continue your attack as your attack patterns in the right leg mode were limited.

Now this limitation can readily be overcome. For example, after defending against your partner’s Black Tiger or Green Dragon with your right Single Tiger in Sequences 3 or 4, you can “thread” with your left Golden Dragon and continue with your right Fierce Tiger as in Sequence 5. You will find a lot of attack patterns in the right leg mode in subsequent sequences.


Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application
Poise Patterns Fierce Tiger Single Tiger
Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application
Golden Dragon Fierce Tiger Golden Dragon
Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application
Precious Duck Golden Star Green Dragon Poise Patterns


(reproduced from

Shaolin Kungfu is the greatest martial art in the world because it has produced the largest number of generals and masters in history, has the most extensive techniques, skills and philosophy, enriches people’s life and leads to spiritual fulfilment.

Shaolin Monastery

The Main Gate of the Shaolin Monastery

Shaolin Kungfu is the greatest martial art in the world! Understandably, exponents of other kungfu styles or martial systems will vehemently oppose this claim, but if they care to read on, are prepared to discard provincial prejudice and reason intellectually, they may even agree. I must clarify that I am far from originating the claim of Shaolin Kungfu as the greatest martial art. A statement to this effect has already been popular in China since the Tang Dynasty more than 1000 years ago!

Great Generals and Empire Builders


Many great generals were trained in the Shaolin tradition

What criteria should we use to measure the greatness of a martial art? Many people would place combat efficiency as the top priority. In this respect, from the perspective of both practical result as well as theoretical reasoning, Shaolin Kungfu can justifiably claim the top place.

The Shaolin school is the single martial art group that has produced the largest number of army generals in Chinese history. Great generals like Yuan Zhong, Yue Fei and Chi Ji Guang, on whom the whole empire depended at their respective times, were Shaolin Kungfu masters.

Since its establishment from the Liang Dynasty, with the exception of the Mongolian and the Manchurian Dynasties, virtually all leading warriors who built or helped the empire founders to build new governments, including the governments of the Kumintang and the Communist in modern time, were trained in the Shaolin tradition. This was related to the Shaolin philosophy of supporting a good government but overthrowing an oppressive one.

Largest number of Masters

The school that has provided the largest group of kungfu masters as well as of kungfu students at any one time during the long history of Chinese martial arts is Shaolin. Considering that one out of four people who existed, lived in China, this claim can reasonably be extended to the world.

An overwhelming number of the masters, like Ku Ru Zhang, Huo Yuan Jia, Wang Tze Ping and Wong Fei Hoong, who convincingly defeated foreign masters such as from Japan, Russia and Europe coming to China to test her martial art, were trained in Shaolin Kungfu.

Considering the glorious record of Shaolin Kungfu, may those who practise it today, irrespective of race, culture and religion, even if they cannot emulate a portion of the past masters, do not degrade a great martial art into a dance.

Enriching Our and Other People’s Lives

Shaolin Temple Mural

A famous mural in the Shaolin Monastery dipicting monks practicing kungfu

Yet, in line with the Shaolin teaching which actually discourages fighting, although Shaolin disciples will fight well if they must, its claim to greatness can be approached through discursive, non-fighting means. All martial arts may be analyzed through their aspects of form, power, application and philosophy.

From the perspective of form, all the techniques found in all world known martial arts today, such as karate, taekwondo, jujitsu, judo, aikido, Siamese boxing, western boxing, and wrestling, can be found in Shaolin Kungfu! From the perspective of power, the internal force of Shaolin masters, which is not limited by age or physique, is incredible. It is used not just for hurting , but more significantly for healing.

While most other martial arts are principally meant for fighting or as a sport, and sometimes hurting the participants in the training itself but without specifically tending to the injuries, Shaolin Kungfu is a comprehensive programme for physical, emotional, mental and spiritual cultivations, and its benefits enrich our and other people’s lives.

A Shaolin disciple, for example, is trained to be courteous and considerate, brave and righteous, assess problems and situations with calmness and clarity, and attend to duties with zest and loyalty. While the philosophy of many martial arts mainly focuses on how to be stoic and hurt the opponent, Shaolin philosophy teaches gentleness and a love for life. The twin pillars of Shaolin philosophy are compassion and wisdom.

The Spirituality of Shaolin Kungfu

The Buddha

The Buddha

The depth of Shaolin wisdom is bewildering, and is hard for some martial artists to comprehend or believe. At the relatively lower mundane level, Shaolin philosophy explains how we are responsible for our own lives, and why the phenomenal world is a creation of mind.

At the highest level in Zen, its wisdom surpasses the intellect, for its accomplishment depends not on verbalization and speculation but on direct experience, and the highest attainment is the direct experience of enlightenment, called variously by different people because of historical, linguistic, cultural and other differences, such as return to God or unity with the Great Void.

It is this spiritual aspect, which transcends all ritualistic religions, that best justifies Shaolin Kungfu as the greatest martial art. You will be in for a surprise if you think that the philosophy of Shaolin spirituality is merely theoretical. All Shaolin philosophy is geared to practical benefits. Spiritual cultivation in the Shaolin teaching may operate at one or more of the following three levels, depending on the student’s developmental stage.

  • Leading a morally upright and happy life.
  • Enjoying heavenly bliss in the after-life.
  • Attaining enlightenment in Zen.


Hang a Golden Star

How to Flow and Press, and be Safe

In the previous three combat sequences, we leaned three attack techniques using hand strikes at the top, middle and lower parts of the opponent. We also learned the corresponding defence techniques. In this combat sequence, “Hang a Golden Star at a Corner”, we learn attack techniques at the sides, i.e. left and right. These four modes of attacks — top, middle, bottom and sides — represent the whole range of directions any hand strikes can come from.

If you can execute a middle attack using “Black tiger Steals Heart”, i.e. a middle thrust punch, you can also execute other forms of middle attacks by changing the hand form and the stance. For example, instead of using a thrust punch you may use a palm strike, and instead of using a bow- arrow stance you may you use a false-leg stance. Similarly by varying the hand forms and stances of the other modes of attacks, you can have an unlimited range of attack techniques.

Combat Application Combat Application
Poise Patterns White Snake

On the ther hand, if you can defend against a middle thrust punch, you can also defend against other forms of middle attacks. In other words, if you can effectively use “Single Tiger Energes from Cave” to counter “Black Tiger Steals Heart”, you can also counter his attack even if he uses a palm jab instead of a thrust punch, and uses a unicorm step instead of a bow-arrow stance, or any other hand forms and stances. The same principle applies to the other modes of attacks. Hence, when you are efficient in defending against these four representative hand strikes, you can defend against any hand strikes.

Combat Application Combat Application
Golden Dragon Precious Duck

We use “Black Tiger Steals Heart” as a representative middle hand strike, and “Single Tiger Emerges from Cave” as its representative defence. For some reasons, such as to gain techniical or tactica advantages, we may use another middle attack technique instead of the “Black Tiger”. Similarly we may use another middle defend technique instead of the “Single Tiger”. But we shall leave these considerations to later lessons. At this stage, it is sufficient to focus on these four representative attacks and defence so that we can develop the necessary combat skills to apply these techniques well.

Combat Application Combat Application
Hand Sweep Golden Star

Generally, skills are more important than techniques — a fact most martial art students today are ignorant of. Another important fact they are ignorant of is that skills, as well as techniques, need to be systematically acquired — not just read from a book or a webpage. Hence, traditional kungfu masters did not allow their students to engage in free sparing unless they were ready. But due to their ignorance, present-day students rush into free sparring. Not only they do not acquire skills and techiques, they hurt themselves unnecessarily.

Briefly, the skills we have learnt include right timing, right spacing, right judgement, quick decision, instantaneous change, fluid miovement, footwork adjustment and safe coverage. If you are not sufficiently proficient in any of these skills, or worse if you do not even know what these skills mean, it is better to go back to the previous combat sequences for more training.

Combat Application Combat Application
Single Tiger Poise Patterns

Two new skills are introduced in this sequence training: the skill of flowing attack and the skills of pressing attack. As your opponent sweeps at your low punch at “Precious Duck Swims through Lotus”, you flow with the opponent’s momentum and swing your attacking arm upward in a curve into a “horn punch” at his temple, simultaneously you press in a small step and guard his sweeping hand. If you do not cover his hand, he may pierce it into your side ribs or bowels. Hence, this attack movement involves three skills: the skills of flowing attack, or pressing attack, and of safe coverage.

“Hang a Golden Star” is a short range attack but involves much movement. Thus, due to this innate disadvantage it is not a commonly used attack technque. But there may be situations, such as this one, where it may be useful.


Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application
Poise Patterns White Snake Golden Dragon Precious Duck
Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application
Hand Sweep Golden Star Single Tiger Poise Patterns


(reproduced from

Precious Duck Swims Through Lotus

Precious Duck Swims Through Lotus

Near enough to Strike but Far enough to be Safe

In the first combat sequence in our combat training programme, “Black tiger Steals Heart”, you developed two fundamental combat skills, namely right timing and right spacing. These two are fundamental skills, meaning very important skills that form the foundation of future development.

The third fundamental skill is appropriate force, which is developed in our force training programme like “Golden Bridge” and “One-Finger Shooting Zen”, and which we apply in our combat sequences. It is important that the force must be flowing, and not mechanical or staccato.

Combat Application Combat Application
Poise Patterns Black Tiger

Without these three fundamental skills, a person cannot be combat efficient, even if he knows a lot of techniques. This is a common fault with many kungfu students — they think mistakenly that they can be more combat efficient by learning more techniques.

Skills have to be developed methodically, not merely learnt from a book or even from a master. A master provides you the method, and shows you how to do it, but you have to practice and practice to so that the skills become second-nature to you.

Combat Application Combat Application
Single Tiger White Snake

Free sparring is not a method to develop skills; it is a method to test whether you have developed the necessary skills to apply appropriate techniques in combat. This is a common fault with most martial art students today — they mistakenly think they can be combat efficient by practicing free sparring.

In this combat sequence, “Precious Duck Swims through Lotus”, you consolidate and improve upon the combat skills you have learnt, namely right timing, right spacing, right judgment and instantaneous change. We also have increased the choice of attack and defence from two to three alternatives.

Combat Application Combat Application
Golden Dragon Precious Duck

In the first combat sequence, there is only one choice, which is actually no choice. The initiator attacks with “Black Tiger Steals Heart” and the responder defends with “Single Tiger Emerges from Cave”. Both the initiator and the responder know what the movements will be. The movements are pre-arranged so that being free from worrying what to move next, they can better focus on developing the skills of right timing, right spacing and appropriate force.

In the second combat sequence, the initiator has two choices — he can attack with “Black Tiger Steals Heart” or “White Snake Shoots Venom” — and the responder has to react accordingly. In this third combat sequence, the choice is increased to three, with the addition of “Precious Duck Swims through Lotus”. If the responder makes a wrong judgment, his instantaneous change is more difficult. In the previous two combat sequences, if he judges wrongly, he can still defend against the coming attack — his “Golden Dragon” can still defend against the ”Black Tiger”, and his ”Single Tiger” can still defend against the “White Snake”. But here he has to change his “Golden Dragon” or “Single Tiger” into a “Hand Sweep”.

Combat Application Combat Application
Hand Sweep Single Tiger

Two new skills are introduced in this sequence. One is adjusting footwork. This skill is a development of right spacing. After defending your partner’s “White Snake” with your “Golden Dragon”, you have to bring back your front left leg a small step before moving forward a big step with your right leg for your counter-attack with “Precious Duck Swims through Lotus”. If you do not adjust your footwork, you would give your opponent a free advantage, i.e. an advantage he gains without having to do anything. You would have made it easy for him to strike you or fell you to the ground.

The second skill is covering yourself in your attack. You can do this by “taming” his front left hand, i.e. pushing it aside or “floating” it upward, with your left palm maintaining contact with his left arm, while you strike his side ribs with your right punch. Covering yourself is extremely important in any attack. This is what many other martial artists never do, exposing themselves to serious counter-strikes.

In the previous two combat sequences, the counter-attack mode is “first defend then counter”. Here the mode is “no defend direct counter”. As an opponent attacks you with “Precious Duck”, you need not block or ward off the attack first, then counter-attack. While moving your front left leg backward into a left false-leg stance, you directly strike his attacking arm with your hand-sweep.

“No defend” is a misnomer. It is not ignoring your own safety and go all out to attack, which would be foolish. Here, the defence is already incorporated in your counter-attack. As you move into your false leg stance for your counter-attack, you already have moved your body away from his attack.


Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application
Poise Patterns Black Tiger Single Tiger White Snake
Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application
Golden Dragon Precious Duck Hand Sweep Single Tiger


White Snake Shoots Venom

White Snake Shotos Venom

How You May Avoid a Heavy Object Crashing into You

After you have developed some reasonable skills in correct timing and correct spacing — two of the most fundamental skills in combat application — you can proceed to developing the skills for fast judgment, quick decision and instantaneous change. This combat sequence, White Snake Shoots Venom, is effective for developing these three skills.

In the previous combat sequence, “Black Tiger Steals Heart”, you are used to defending against the opponent’s middle strike. Suddenly he changes his attack to a top strike. You have to judge correctly, make a quick decision and apply the appropriate defence.

Combat Application Combat Application
Poise Patterns Black Tiger

In this sequence, the attack is purposely reduced to only two choices, a middle hand strike or a top hand strike. If there are too many choices, as in free sparring, it would be difficult for the defender to judge, thus defeating the purpose of developing the skill of judgment.

Before this, there is no need to make any judgment because there is only one pre-arranged mode of attack. Now only one of many controlled factors is released, marking the first step in judging and decision making — to judge whether the attack is aimed at the top or at the middle and to decide what response to make. Only very gradually, the control is released. If too many controlled factors are released suddenly, the training would become brawling, not developing skills.

Combat Application Combat Application
Single Tiger Black Tiger

The two skills of judging and decision are closely related. At this stage the decision is premeditated, i.e. it has already been made for you (basing on the rich experience of centuries of past Shaolin masters) so that you can focus on right judgment and right response. In other words, if you judge the attack aims at your top, you respond straightaway with “Golden Dragon”, if it aims at your middle, you respond straightaway with “Single Tiger”.

Later, when you are more skilful and have a greater range of techniques, you may insert decision making before your response. For example, when you have judged that the attack is aiming at your top, you may decide which of a number of alternatives you will respond, depending on what advantages or situations you wish to create.

Combat Application Combat Application
Single Tiger White Snake

Suppose your opponent makes a top attack but you misjudge it to be a middle attack. So you respond with “Single Tiger Steals Heart” instead of “Golden Dragon Plays with Water”. It is a mistake, and in a real fight the opponent’s attack may have pierced into your throat or eye. But, of course, in training your partner would stop a few inches before target.

Untrained persons would just freeze, not knowing what to do. But you don’t. You just tilt your body slightly forward to your side, and simultaneously change your tiger-claw into a dragon-form and “thread” it upward, deflecting the attack. Your partner would have stopped his attack momentarily for you to implement the belated move.

Initially you would be hesitant. There would be a gap of a few seconds between realizing your wrong judgment and making the appropriate changes. But gradually you would reduce the gap until eventually the change would be instantaneous. You would have developed the skill of instantaneous change.

Combat Application Combat Application
Golden Dragon Poise Patterns

These skills are, of course, very useful in our everyday life. In the business world, for example, there is a saying that a bad decision is better than no decision. So, if your host asks whether you prefer chicken curry or beef steak, don’t say you don’t know. Make a decision.

Shaolin students are trained not just to make decisions fast but also correctly. But if we make a wrong decision, we do not just remain frozen, and blame others or ourselves; we make correction immediately.

Suppose a heavy object is crashing onto a person. Often, taken by surprise he remains motionless. But you would have jumped aside elegantly. What makes the difference? You have undergone systematic training but he hasn’t.


Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application
Poise Patterns Black Tiger Single Tiger Black Tiger
Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application
Single Tiger White Snake Golden Dragon Poise Patterns


(reproduced from

Black Tiger Steals Heart

Black Tiger Steals Heart

The Big Mistake Concerning Free Sparring

Most martial art students today make a big mistake in their combat training. They think mistakenly that practicing free sparring is the way, often the only way, to combat efficiency. To a large extent this came about because many people were disillusioned with kungfu, as much of (so-called) kungfu practiced today is merely performing external forms with little or no combat training.

In genuine traditional kungfu, free sparing is never used to train combat efficiency; it is used to test combat efficiency, to confirm that the students can really fight. In other words, it is not a training tool — it is a testing tool. You engage in free sparing only after you know how to fight, not as a means to train you to fight.

Combat Application Combat Application
Poise Patterns Black Tiger

Practicing combat sequences is an essential link between form training and free sparring. In form training you develop the techniques as well as the skills that you will need for fighting. In combat sequences you methodically apply these techniques and skills in simulated combat. In free sparring you confirm that you can fight efficiently.

There are many stages and sub-stages in combat sequence training. “Black Tiger Steals Heart” is the first of a long series of combat sequences we use in our school, Shaolin Wahnam, to go through these stages and sub-stages systematically.

Combat Application Combat Application
Single Tiger Black Tiger

Most students would under-estimate this combat sequence, thinking it is too simple. This would be a big mistake. The techniques are purposely made simple because the aim of training here is not to learn new techniques but to develop skills. If the techniques are complicated, the students would waste much effort remembering the techniques rather than focusing on developing skills.

Before you even make any move, you must observe the “four modes of preparation” — one, you must be mentally and physically ready; two, you access your opponent; three, you seek an advantage or an opening; and four, when the opportunity arrives you move swiftly.

Combat Application Combat Application
Single Tiger Black Tiger

When you move in to attack, you must “ask the way”, i.e. you access your opponent’s strength and weakness, and you open the way for attack as well as prevent him from suddenly counter-attacking. You must also achieve “three arrivals”, i.e. the arrival of the heart, of the feet and of the hands.

The two fundamental skills developed here are right timing and right spacing. And the skills are applicable to both the initiator (attacker) and the responder (defender). In other words, when you move in to attack, you must move in at a right time, and space yourself at a right distance. A very common weakness is that the initiator is too far from the responder in his attack, in which case the responder can counter-strike immediately, without bothering to defend first.

Combat Application Combat Application
Single Tiger Poise Patterns

On the other hand, when you defend against an attack, you must move at a right time. A very common weakness defenders make is that they move back too soon. A trained attacker would exploit such a weakness. He would skip the first attack, treating it as a feign move, and follow in with a second attack, striking the defender at a time when he is still in the process of defending the first attack.

Nevertheless, now you should not worry about this skill of exploiting the opponent’s weakness. It is practised at an intermediate level. At an elementary level, your focus is to avoid making such weaknesses. If you can just do this, you would have done well. Many combatants today, including those at black-belt level, commit many such mistakes, thus throwing advantages to their opponents without their opponents having to make any effort.

You must also remember that all combat principles in Shaolin Kungfu are applicable to daily living. You should use these principles to enrich your life and the lives of others. For example you should not blame the traffic if you miss an appointment; it just shows you have not developed the skill of correct timing. You should not blame the waiter if you have been seated amidst a cloud of cigarette smoke in a restaurant; you have not developed the skill of correct spacing.


Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application
Poise Patterns Black Tiger Single Tiger Black Tiger
Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application Combat Application
Single Tiger Black Tiger Single Tiger Poise Patterns